A juridisção da Corte Interamericana de Direitos Humanos sobre o Direito ao Meio Ambiente Saudável

Lucas Carlos Lima

Resum

O presente artigo explora desenvolvimentos recentes em relação à proteção do meio ambiente na jurisprudência da Corte Interamericana de Direitos Humanos, especialmente no que diz respeito à Opinião Consultiva 23/17 e ao caso Lhaka Honhat. Seu objetivo é identificar as técnicas utilizadas pela CIDH a fim de expandir seu alcance em relação à proteção do direito a um meio ambiente saudável. Metodologicamente, são analisadas as decisões da Corte, tanto em sede consultiva quanto contenciosa, bem como a literatura existente sobre o tema e as principais reações sobre as decisões analisadas. Argumenta-se que, ao passo que a jurisprudência ambiental recente cristaliza progresso importante na proteção de direitos ambientais no Sistema Interamericano, há possíveis problemas com a proteção do direito autônomo a um meio ambiente saudável sob o artigo 26 da Convenção. Conclui-se explorando os desdobramentos dos argumentos adotados pela CIDH no que tange à sua função consultiva, e o criticismo à abordagem da Corte sobre questões ambientais recebidos de alguns juízes.


Paraules clau

Corte Interamericana de Direitos Humanos; Direito Internacional Ambiental; Direito a um Meio Ambiente Saudável

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17345/rcda3057



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