Mudanças climáticas e agenda de adaptação nas cidades brasileiras

Fabiana Barbi, Fernando Cardozo Fernandes Rei

Resum

As cidades e áreas urbanas são cada vez mais reconhecidas como arenas estratégicas para ações de mudança climática. Esse trabalho analisa como as cidades brasileiras estão respondendo aos riscos das mudanças climáticas em termos de estratégias políticas de adaptação. Foi realizado um levantamento das cidades que possuem políticas climáticas aprovadas e dos planos de adaptação aos impactos das mudanças climáticas publicados no Brasil. A partir desses dados, foram extraídas e analisadas as principais variáveis que impulsionaram essas estratégias climáticas, com foco nos agentes e arranjos institucionais. Os resultados apontaram duas fases de ação climática para adaptação nas cidades brasileiras: na primeira, destaca-se a atuação das redes transnacionais de municípios, que trouxeram a questão climática para agenda política municipal e impulsionaram a capacidade de governança das mudanças climáticas dos governos locais brasileiros. Elas incitaram a formação dos comitês e fóruns municipais, que tiveram um papel fundamental na elaboração e aprovação das políticas climáticas. Na segunda fase, a ação adaptativa nas cidades tem se dado principalmente a partir do conhecimento acerca dos riscos climáticos nas localidades.

Paraules clau

Mudanças climáticas; Políticas públicas; Riscos; Cidades; Brasil.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17345/rcda3047



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